X-Runner Stock Wheel/Tire Specs: Bolt pattern is 5x4.5", 5x114.3mm Lug nut size is 12mm x 1.50 Offset is +30mm. 18 x 8 wrapped with Bridgestone Potenza RE050 255/45/ZR18 Center Bore is 60mm Wheel weight is 31lbs - 32lbs (as advertised) Tire weight is 29lbs (as advertised) Wheel/Tire weight as weighed with 34lbs of tire pressure - 58.2lbs Here is a little bit of knowledge on wheels and tires. This info was originally documented on Ranger Power Sports (LINK & LINK). *EDIT* - I found this link in one of the other threads. It is a very good website that will give you a full visual as well as details regarding wheel and tire size in comparison to the stock fitment. Wheel & Tire Calculator (NOTE - Site works better using IE or IE tab for Firefox). Understanding Tire Sizes: Tire sizes are stated in usually one of two ways. The first (and most common for street use) is the metric way - 255/45R18. First number denotes the Section Width (in mm), which is the widest part of the tire, not the tread width. Second number is the Aspect Ratio. This is the percentage of the section width that tells you how tall the sidewall is. Third number is the Rim Diameter (in inches). To come up with the OD of a tire from the metric size, multiply the Section Width by the Aspect Ratio. This gives you the sidewall height in mm. Divide by 25.4mm/inch to get teh sidewall height in inches. Multiply by 2, and then add to the rim size. This will give you a close approximation to the OD of the tire, as it doesn't take into account tread wear. The second common way of stating tire size is by Height, width, then rim size, like 35x12.50R15. All are in inches. These are also approximations, some tires will be taller than others even though numerically, they are identical. There is also a variation on this style of measure. Some times tires will have the Width, thne Height and Rim size, as in 21/49-16.5. Also note that if there is no R infront of the rim size, it is not a Radial tire. There are other ways of denoting tire sizes, like 12-16.5 or 11R24.5, which only give you width and rim size, but those are rarely used in street applications on light trucks and cars. Diameter: The diameter of the the rim/tire between seats/beads. Do not try to mount a tire on a different size rim. Width: The distance between the bead seats on the rim. The lip of the rim is not counted in this calculation, so an 8" wide rim will be wider if you're measuring from outside of the lip. Backspacing: The distance from the wheel mounting surface to the back plane of the wheel. Commonly in inches (SAE) Offset: The distance from the wheel mounting surface to wheel centerline. Commonly in millimetres (Metric) 1"=25.4mm Backspacing and offset are related to one another. You must know 2 variables in order to find the third, the 3 variables being Width, Offset and Backspacing. Backspacing - (Width/2) = Offset Example: We have an 8" wide rim with 5" of backspacing. Divide 8" by 2 gives us 4". Using the formula, 5" minus 4" equals 1" of positive offset, or 25.4mm of offset. Offset + (Width/2) = Backspacing Example: We have a 10" rim with -48mm of offset. Divide 10" by 2 gives us 5" Divide -48mm by 25.4mm/inch gives us -1.89" of offset. Using the formula, -1.89" offset plus 5" equals 3.11" of backspacing. 2(Backspacing - Offset) = Width Example: We have a rim that has a backspacing of 4", and an offset of 12mm. 12mm divided by 25.4mm/inch gives us roughly 0.5". 4" minus 0.5" equals 3.5". Multiply that by 2 equals 7" The rim is 7" wide. Backspacing Backspacing is the distance from the wheel’s rear mounting surface (hub) to the edge of the rim. The best way to measure backspacing is to place a straight edge across the rims and measure to the mounting surface. Offset The offset of a wheel is the distance from its hub mounting surface to the centerline of the wheel. The offset can be one of three types. Zero Offset - The hub mounting surface is even with the centerline of the wheel. Negative Offset - The hub mounting surface is toward the front or wheel side of the wheel. Positive Offset - The hub mounting surface is toward the outside of the rim. These are generally found on front wheel drive cars and newer rear drive cars. If the offset of the wheel is not correct for the car, the handling can be adversely affected. When the width of the wheel changes, the offset also changes numerically. If the offset were to stay the same while you added width, the additional width would be split evenly between the inside and outside. For most cars, this won’t work correctly. Example Formula offset = backspacing - (overall wheel width/2) wheel = 15×6.5 backspacing = 4? overall width = 7.5? 4? - (7.5? / 2) = 0.25? positive offset Aspect Ratio A term that describes a tire’s height-to-width proportion. If a tires sidewall height were 65% of its cross section width, its aspect ratio would be 65. In the tire size expressed as 205/65-15, the number 65 is the aspect ratio. (Section Height/ Section Width) x 100 Balance The state in which a tire and wheel assembly spins with all its weight distributed equally. A wheel balancer is used to place weights compensating for static and dynamic imbalances that exist in all assemblies. Not balancing an assembly will result in extreme vibration. Bead A round hoop of steel wires, wrapped or reinforced by steel cords, placed at the very inside of the tire’s diameter. Deflection Free radius minus loaded radius. DOT Number The tires identification number, which is used if a tire is recalled. The last three numbers indicate the week and the last digit of the year the tire was manufactured. Footprint The portion of the tread that contacts the road during operation. Free Radius Radius of the tire and wheel assembly that is not deflected under load. Loaded Radius Distance from the wheel axis of rotation to the supporting surface at a given inflation pressure. Loaded Section Height Loaded radius minus half of the nominal rim diameter. Distance from the rim seat to the outer tread surface of a loaded tire. Load and Speed Index The maximum weight the tire can carry at its maximum speed rating. Maximum Load and Inflation Maximum inflation is not the recommended tire inflation pressure. Nominal Rim Diameter Diameter of the rim seat supporting the tire bead. Examples: 13, 15, and 16.5 inches. Overall Diameter Diameter of the inflated tire without any load. Overall Width Maximum width in cross section of unloaded tire including protruding side ribs and decorations. Plus Sizing Plus sizing your wheel & tire combination means that you are increasing the diameter of your wheel and lowering your tire profile. In other words you increase the wheel size. section width and lower the aspect ratio. Rim Width Linear distance between the rim flanges in contact with the tire. Section Height Distance from the rim seat to the outer tread surface of the unloaded tire. Section Width Linear distance between the outside sidewalls of an inflated tire without any load (exclusive of protruding side ribs and decorations). Treadwear Indicator Narrow bands, sometimes called “wear bars”, that appear across the tread when 2/32? of tread remains. Treadwear, Traction and Temperature Treadwear rates how long a tire is expected to last. Ratings start at 100 and go up to 500, with 500 lasting the longest. Tire wear is also determined by tire maintenance, and how and where you drive. “Traction” followed by a letter grade of A to C, with C being the lowest, rates the tire’s ability to stop on a wet road surface. “Temperature” grades the tire’s ability to withstand heat, from A to C, with C being the lowest. Tread Width The portion of the tread design that comes in contact with the road.